Facts of Obesity:
Obesity has reached epidemic levels in America, affecting over 70% of the population. In that past, when a patient received a typical physical checkup, their doctor checked their blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiratory rate. Now, since we’ve seen such a high rate of obesity in the United States, physicians check each patient's BMI as well. It is the second leading cause of preventable death in the U.S. and has a 50% chance of reducing life expectancy. Obesity has three definitions:
Classification of BMI (Body Mass Index)
- Normal Weight: 18.5-24.9 BMI
- Overweight: 25.0-29.9 BMI
- Class I Obesity: 30.0-34.9 BMI
- Class II Obesity: 35.0-39.9 BMI
- Class III Obesity >: 40 BMI
- Essential fat (lean): Men 2-5% women 10-13%
- Athletes: Men 6-13% women 21-24%
- Fitness: Men 14-17% women 21-24%
- Acceptable: Men 18-24% women 25-31%
- Obesity: Men >25% women >32%
- Women: over 35 inches is considered obese
- Men: over 40 inches is obese
Obesity can affect anyone but especially those with one obese parent. The risk of obesity increases if both parents are obese. Obesity as a disease is caused by several factors such as genetics, the environment, hormonal imbalances, and nutritional imbalances.
- More than a third of US adults are obese.
- Obesity related conditions include: heart disease, stroke, type two diabetes, and certain types of cancer
- Worldwide obesity has nearly doubled since 1980
- More than 1.4 billion adults in the world are overweight while 200 million are obese
- Obesity is preventable
- Increased body fat both directly and indirectly promotes and/or causes adverse health consequences and thus, by definition, is a disease.
- Overweight and obesity are linked to more deaths worldwide than underweight. That means that 65% of the world’s population live in countries where overweight and obesity kill more people than underweight and/or starvation.
- Obesity is a disease that affects people of all socioeconomic levels
- What causes obesity? An increased intake of calorie dense food that is high in fat along with a decrease in physical activity due to a sedentary nature of occupations, changing modes of transportation, and increasing urbanization
- Taking off just 10% of your body weight goes a long way towards being healthier:Lowering blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglycerides levels
- 90% of all diabetes, 80% of heart disease, and 60% of cancers is preventable with healthier lifestyles and normal body weights